Paris 1st District

Paris 1st District is located on the Rive Droite (including the western tip of the Ile de la Cité) and is commonly known as Quartier du Louvre.

Paris 1st district
Paris 1st district

Paris 1st District includes:

Quartier de la Place Vendôme, Quartier du Palais-Royal, Quartier des Halles and Quartier Saint-Germain l’Auxerrois.

The Norsemen destroyed St-Germain l’Auxerrois oratory when they besieged Paris during the 9th century.

The chapel that replaced it remained for another couple of centuries the only religious building in the area.

The right bank was then a vast marshy land left by a former meander of the Seine.

Paris 1st District started to be developed after the 1180s, when Philippe-Auguste enclosed the right bank of Paris within a perimeter wall and built the Louvre Fortress.

This perimeter wall included Les Halles, the covered market King Louis le Gros founded in 1135.

The busting Quartier des Halles has traditionally remained a populous area.

St-Eustache, St-Leu-St-Gilles and St-Roch parish churches were built because St-Germain-l’Auxerrois became too small and couldn’t accommodate an ever-growing population.

The Palais-Royal was built in 1624 and Place Vendôme in 1739 in the vicinity of the Louvre Palace.

They turned the western end of Paris 1st District into one of the most exclusive in Paris.

Jewellery, the main industry is concentrated on the prestigious Place Vendôme and Rue de la Paix.

Paris 1st District is today one of the least populated areas; it is also home to nearly 330 listed monuments and 14 museums.

This high concentration of tourist sites, French and foreign tourism boards and offices turn Paris 1st District into one of the most visited areas in Paris.

It is also the second greenest district of Paris after the 12th District (Parc de Bercy).

Metro stations serving Paris 1st District

Line 1: Concorde, Tuileries, Palais-Royal Musée du Louvre, Louvre-Rivoli, Châtelet
Line 4: Châtelet, Les Halles, Etienne Marcel
Line 7: Pyramides, Palais-Royal-Musée du Louvre, Pont-Neuf, Châtelet
Line 8: Concorde, Madeleine

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