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Welcome to Brittany

Welcome to Brittany

Brittany - Breizh


Brittany's coat of arms

Brittany is one of the 13 administrative regions of France and is located in Western France.

It includes 4 departments:

Côtes-d’Armor (22 - Saint-Brieuc), Finistère (29 - Quimper), Ile-et-Vilaine (35 - Rennes) and Morbihan (56 -Vannes)

Rennes is its administrative centre or préfecture.

It is divided in Haute Bretagne - Upper Brittany where people speak Gallo (French), and Basse Bretagne - Lower Brittany or Bretagne Bretonnante, the traditional Breton or Gallic speaking area.

Brittany has an oceanic climate with regular yet light drizzle locally known as crachin Breton.

Northern Brittany is, however, exposed to a northwest wind, known as Noroît in French and Gwalarn in Gallic.

The only elevated regions are the Monts d’Arée and the Montagne Noires in the south.

Inland Brittany is therefore a green and rural country.

Agriculture and food processing industries are the main sectors of its economy.

The region has 7 airports (including 4 international): Brest, Rennes, St Malo-Dinard and Lorient-Lann- Bihoué).

Historical facts

Brittany is the core area of Western Europe megalithic culture.

It is the land of the mysterious stone alignments whose origin remains unknown.

The region's ‘modern’ history began 15 centuries ago, when the inhabitants of ancient Britania immigrated to Armorica to escape the Germanic invasions.

Brittany or Breizh in Gallic is one of the six Celtic Nations, proud, independent and faithful to its cultural heritage.

The Duché de Bretagne was founded in the 10th century and boasted a geographical situation of prime importance.

The kings of France and England fought over it over during the Hundred Years War.

However, the duchy remained under the control of the powerful feudal Breton dynasties throughout the Middle Ages.

The duchy was eventually reunited to the French Crown through the marriage of Anne de Bretagne to Louis XII, one of the most significant political alliances in French history.

Brittany remained faithful to its monarchist convictions during the turmoil of the French Revolution.

It was, however, forced to abandon its cultural identity in the late 19th century, but has since succeeded in reviving its Celtic heritage.


Brittany or Armor is ‘the country near the sea’.

It vast coastal region stretches from the mouth of the river Loire to the southern bank of the Baie du Mont Saint-Michel; it accounts for a third of France’s coastline.

Nearly 800 islands and islets are scattered off its shore.

Part of this coastline is a wild and untamed land of rocks, rugged coasts where earth and sea meet, a land swept by the winds and the sea spray.

It is also bordered with stunning harbours such as the affluent fortress of Saint-Malo.

You'll also find fishing ports such as Cancale, the Breton capital of oysters.

Trendy seaside resorts such as Dinard on the Côte d’Emeraude or Perros-Guirec on the Côte de Granite Rose, attract millions of tourist each year.

Brittany or Argoat ‘the wooded country’, inland, is a land of moors and mysterious forests inhabited by fairies and legendary heroes.

The magical Forest of Brocéliande (Forêt de Paimpont) is the setting of the Arthurian legend, the domain of Merlin the Wizard, the Fairy Vivian and Morgan le Fay.

The region's exceptional architectural heritage includes among others stunning medieval walled cities such as Dinan, Dol-de-Bretagne and Vannes.

You'll discover also the historical cities of Brest, Lamballe, Quimper or Rennes.

The region’s natural beauty and many archaeological, legendary and historical sites therefore sustain a thriving tourism.

Area: 27,208km2
Population: 3,273.343 (01/01/2014)

Photo via Wikimedia Commons: Brittany's coat of arms Public domain
Kerascoet thatched cottages in Nevez

Nevez, from Anse de Poulguin to Port Manech

Nevez, a picturesque rural district located by the mouth of the Aven, boasts many tourist spots such as Kerascoet village, Hénan tide mill and Port Manech
Early morning in Pont-Aven

Pont-Aven, Gauguin and La Cité des Artistes

Pont-Aven, a small seaport nestled in the Aven estuary and worldwide known for the School of Pont-Aven, an artistic group founded by the painter Gauguin
La Pointe du Grouin - Ile des Landes, Chenal de la Vieille Rivière and lighthouse

Pointe du Grouin, a rocky spur south of the Baie du Mont Saint-Michel

La Pointe du Grouin, a rocky spur and protected natural site on the Emerald Coast in Brittany, marks the south boundary of the Baie du Mont Saint-Michel
Colonne du Guesclin marks the site of the castle

Colonne du Guesclin – La Motte-Broons

The Colonne du Guesclin was erected in 1841 on the site of the Château de la Motte-Broons, the castle of Bertrand du Guesclin that was pulled down in 1616

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