Welcome to Normandy
This beautiful region of green meadows and sandy or pebble beaches corresponds to the historical Duchy of Normandy that was founded during the 10th century.
From the regional administrative reshuffle of 1956 to 2015 Normandy was divided two regions.
Basse Normandie – Lower Normandy included the departments of Calvados (14 – Caen), Orne (61 – Alençon) and Manche (Saint-Lô) in the Cotentin Peninsula.
This region is renowned for its traditional bocage landscape, lush meadows delineated by a network of hedges and is mostly dedicated to cattle and horse breeding and agriculture.
Lower Normandy is extensively planted with apple orchards and is known for its traditional production of cider and Cavaldos, a far too delicious apple brandy…
Haute Normandie – Upper Normandy corresponded to the departments of Eure (27 – Evreux) and Seine Maritime (76 – Rouen) and is more industrialized.
Rouen is the prefecture of Normandy, and Caen the seat of the Regional Council.
Normandy has an oceanic and temperate climate, similar to that of the neighbouring Hauts de France region with low temperature differences but significant rainfall. This peculiarity earned it the nickname ‘chamber pot of France’.
The river Seine traverses it from east to west; it enters at Vernon, near Monet’s house in Giverny, then meanders through Rouen and the Parc Naturel Regional des Boucles de la Seine, before flowing into the Channel in the Baie de Honfleur and Le Havre.
Normandy boasts some 630 km of coastline that faces the Channel.These areas are essentially dedicated to fishing and seafood production and sustain a thriving tourism with countless marinas.
The trend of sea baths took off in the 19th century and many seaside resorts were developed with the inauguration of the first railway line that linked Paris to the coast.
The Normandy coastline offers a diversified landscapes, from the north of the region (between Caen and Dieppe) and Cotentin Peninsula with the high cliffs of La Hague and the sandy beach of the Baie du Mont-Saint-Michel.
The Côte d’Albâtre is known for its white chalk high cliffs (hence its name) and its pebble beaches. Erosion opened here and there deep canyons where harbours such as Dieppe and Fécamp.
Prestigious seaside resorts such as Deauville and Trouville appeared on the vast sandy beaches of the Côte Fleurie and Côte de Nacre.
Welcome to Normandy, a region worldwide known for being the site of the D-Day landings that took place in 1944, when troops from the United States and the British Empire brought freedom to Western Europe.
Inland from the beaches you will find the memorial Tapestry of Bayeux, the historical witness to another invasion led by William the Conqueror over 1000 years ago.
In the rich countryside of Normandy you will find brave cities and towns and villages that survived the havoc of war.
Mostly destroyed during WWII, Normandy rebuilt itself and was reborn from its ashes, and is now a vast open-air museum.
Normandy has a population of 3.45 million people or 5.5% of the French population.
Area: 30,100 km2