Paris - Ile De France Section

Square du Temple - Quartier du Temple

[wce_code id=1]

Square du Temple in historical Paris

The Square du Temple is located in the heart of the Marais.

You'll find it opposite the Carreau du Temple and the town hall of the 3rd district (Mairie du 3eme Arrondissement).

The small public garden was landscaped on the site of the Enclos du Temple, the fortified monastery the Knights Templar built in the 13th century.

The Order settled there after the capture of St. Jean d'Acre by the Muslims and the definitive loss of Palestine in 1281.

Their fortified monastery consisted of a multitude of outbuildings, shops, workshops and dwellings laid-out around a massive keep or donjon and a church and encompassed within a tall and thick rampart.

Generations of common people and craftsmen lived and worked there under their protection.

The Enclos du Temple was a city inside the city.

King Philip the Fair eventually resented the Order's ever-growing power and immense wealth as a threat to his authority.

It had the Order dissolved in 1313; he seized their assets and sentenced the Great Master to be burnt at the stake in 1314.

He bequeathed the Enclos du Temple to the Hospitallers of St-John of Jerusalem, who altered the layout of the rampart during the 17th century to build a palace.

Square du Temple, a public garden

The religious establishment became State property during the French Revolution.

The palace and the outbuildings were later bequeathed to a Benedictine community, then served as army barracks from 1848 to 1853 and were pulled down.

In 1865 Haussmann, the prefect of Paris, commissioned the engineer Alphand with the landscaping of the public garden.

Alphand had the pond and man-made waterfall built with rocks brought from the forest of Fontainebleau.

He planted exotic trees and bushes along the paths that twist between flower beds and lawns and lead to a stunning music kiosk and guard booth.

Both original structures are still in place and are a perfect illustration of the elaborate style of the Second Empire.

Several benches, scattered here and there, will allow you to take a break and enjoy the vista.

Opening hours Square du Temple: 8am-9.30pm or 8.30pm or  7.30pm depending on the season

Directions: 3rd district
Metro: Temple on Line 3
Velib' stations: #3005-3006-3007

Coordinates: Lat 48.864304 - Long 2.361835

Your Comments
Town-hall of Auvers-sur-Oise by Van Gogh

August 8 2020

Auvers-sur-Oise, Van Gogh’s last place of residence

The small town of Auvers-sur-Oise, north of Paris, was once a quiet village where Van Gogh spent the last 70 days of his life and painted 78 canvases
Chateau de Raray, a superb illustration of French Classical

August 1 2020

Chateau de Raray, the setting for Cocteau’s Beauty and the Beast movie

The elegant Classical Chateau de Raray, north of Paris, served as setting for the filming of Cocteau's movie Beauty and the Beast
Saint-Blaise-des-Simples Chapel in Milly la Foret

July 23 2020

Saint-Blaise-des-Simples Chapel, Jean Cocteau’s burial-place

The poet Jean Cocteau is buried in Saint-Blaise-des-Simples Chapel in Milly-la-Forêt, a chapel he decorated during the restoration work of 1959
Richelieu mausoleum in front of high altar in Sorbonne Chapel

June 5 2020

Sorbonne Chapel and Cardinal de Richelieu tomb

Sorbonne chapel, the college’s private chapel, is a masterpiece of French classical architecture that houses Cardinal Richelieu’s mausoleum
Translate »
Scroll to Top