Bergerac Wines - Appellations - Vineyards
Bergerac Vineyards - 13 AOC
Bergerac wines are produced in Dordogne department.
The town of Bergerac is at the heart of this beautiful vineyard that spreads over 90 communities and produces excellent white and red wines.
The Bergerac vineyard is part of the Southwest Wine Region - Vins du Sud-Ouest, one of the 16 vineyards of France.
The Bergerac wines represent 13 AOC (Appellation d’Origine Controlée) recorded in 1936 by a decree that was modified in 1993.
They benefit from the geological characteristics of the soil (limestone and clay).
The temperate oceanic climate provides steady and warm temperatures during the vegetative period of the vine.
The production of white wine is slightly more important than that of reds'.
Today’s white wines are mostly produced from Sémillon and Sauvignon grapes, some blended with the delicate and subtly perfumed Muscadelle.
Dry or sweet, the white Bergerac wines get the richness of their aromas from new wine-making techniques such as low temperature fermentation.
Bergerac wines - Sweet White - 6 AOC
The sweet white Bergerac wines includes the Côtes de Bergerac White, Côtes de Montravel, Haut Montravel, Monbazillac, Rosette and Saussignac.
- The Côtes de Bergerac white wines are divided into medium dry, medium sweet and sweet (moelleux) wines depending of their level of sugars.
They owe their deep golden colour and a rich fruity aroma to the Sémillon grape variety.
Full-bodied, they can be served young but gain in quality if matured.
They are the most famous and most produced wines of the region.
- The Côtes de Montravel's aromas are recognizable for their floral notes.
- The Haut Montravel is renowned for its elegant and sophisticated aromas.
The grapes, harvested partially dried and shriveled, give the wine its sweetness.
The Haut Montravel qualifies for the label liquoreux when the Noble Rot coats the grapes and stop them from drying.
- Monbazillac, one of the most famous Bergerac wines, is a liquoreux that can be served young or kept for decades, improving its extraordinary gold colour and full-body.
It is produced from a blend of Sémillon, Sauvignon and Muscadelle grapes varieties.
The selected grapes are harvested by hand in September.
This is when the difference in night and day temperature triggers the apparition of a mould.
Botrytis cinerea or Noble Rot coats the grapes, reduces their water content and therefore increases their sugar level.
- The Rosette is produced from Sémillon, Sauvignon and Muscadelle grapes varieties.
Very pale in colour, it is an elegant, supple and round white wine.
- The Saussignac is a rich and full bodied wine produced from Sémillon, Sauvignon, Muscadelle, Ondec and Chenin Blanc.
Similarly to the Haut Montravel, the grapes are harvested partially dried and shriveled in order to give the wine its sweetness.
The Saussignac also qualifies for the label liquoreux when the Noble Rot coats the grapes and stop them from drying.
Bergerac Wines - Dry White - 2 AOC
The dry white wines include the Bergerac White and Montravel.
- The Bergerac White is produced from the blend of Sémillon, Sauvignon, Muscadelle, Ondec and Chenin Blanc.
It is renowned for its crisp and pleasant aromas and pale colour.
- The aromatic and well-structured Montravel is produced from Sémillon, Muscadelle and Sauvignon.
Fruity and refreshing, the dry white Bergerac wines should be served young.
Bergerac Wines - Red - 4 AOC
The Bergerac red wines are made from Merlot Noir blended with Cabernet-Sauvignon, Cabernet-Franc and Côt Noir or Malbec.
They include the Bergerac red, Côtes de Bergerac red, Montravel red and Pécharmant.
- The Bergerac red are subtle and fruity.
- The Côtes de Bergerac reds have an excellent reputation.
Strict quality controls on yielding, wine-making techniques and maturing are carried out on these wines, which are exclusively bottled on the property.
Full-bodied wines rich in tannins, they can be kept for over 10 years.
- The subtly aromatic and deep coloured Montravel red wine can be served young or matured.
One of the first Bergerac wines to be granted the Bergerac AOC (1937), it has, however, to be bottled in a bottle engraved with the words Monte Revelationem - En montant j'ai eu la révélation.
- The Pécharmant wine owes its unique, elegant and subtle aroma to the sand, gravel and iron clay soil where the vine extracts its nutrients.
The Pécharmant has a great aging potential.
Bergerac Wines - Rosé - 1 AOC
- The fruity Bergerac Rosé is a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot Noir, Côt or Malbec.
The specificity of the terroir and shorter methods of vinification produce an elegant and fruity wine that should be served chilled between 8C and 10C.
Photo via Wikimedia Commons: Map of Appellations Bergerac AOC - Please remember to drink responsibly www.drinkaware.co.uk L'abus d'alcool est dangereux pour la santé, à consommer avec modération
Department of Dordogne
Coordinates: Lat 44.853806 - Long 0.483392