Bergerac Vineyards – 13 AOC
Bergerac wines are produced in Dordogne department.
The town of Bergerac is at the heart of this beautiful vineyard that spreads over 90 communities and produces excellent white and red wines.
The Bergerac vineyard is part of the Southwest Wine Region – Vins du Sud-Ouest, one of the 16 vineyards of France.
The Bergerac wines represent 13 AOC (Appellation d’Origine Controlée) recorded in 1936 by a decree that was modified in 1993.
They benefit from the geological characteristics of the soil (limestone and clay).
The temperate oceanic climate provides steady and warm temperatures during the vegetative period of the vine.
The production of white wine is slightly more important than that of reds’.
Today’s white wines are mostly produced from Sémillon and Sauvignon grapes, some blended with the delicate and subtly perfumed Muscadelle.
Dry or sweet, the white Bergerac wines get the richness of their aromas from new wine-making techniques such as low temperature fermentation.
Bergerac wines – Sweet White – 6 AOC
The sweet white Bergerac wines includes the Côtes de Bergerac White, Côtes de Montravel, Haut Montravel, Monbazillac, Rosette and Saussignac.
- The Côtes de Bergerac white wines are divided into medium dry, medium sweet and sweet (moelleux) wines depending of their level of sugars.
They owe their deep golden colour and a rich fruity aroma to the Sémillon grape variety.
Full-bodied, they can be served young but gain in quality if matured.
They are the most famous and most produced wines of the region.
- The Côtes de Montravel‘s aromas are recognizable for their floral notes.
- The Haut Montravel is renowned for its elegant and sophisticated aromas.
The grapes, harvested partially dried and shriveled, give the wine its sweetness.
The Haut Montravel qualifies for the label liquoreux when the Noble Rot coats the grapes and stop them from drying.
- Monbazillac, one of the most famous Bergerac wines, is a liquoreux that can be served young or kept for decades, improving its extraordinary gold colour and full-body.
It is produced from a blend of Sémillon, Sauvignon and Muscadelle grapes varieties.
The selected grapes are harvested by hand in September.
This is when the difference in night and day temperature triggers the apparition of a mould.