Paris 11th District
Paris 11th District is located on the Rive Droite and is is commonly known as Quartier Popincourt.
The most populated area in Paris, it includes:
Quartier de la Folie-Méricourt, Quartier Saint-Ambroise, Quartier de la Roquette and Quartier Sainte-Marguerite.
Two hamlets developed during the 14th-15th centuries on the estates of Popincourt and La Rochette, in the vicinity of the religious institutions founded there during the 17th century.
The Quartier de La Roquette was built on the site of two jails built in the mid-19th century.
La Petite Roquette became a jail for women in 1932.
The buildings were demolished in 1974; all that is left is the entrance portal at no147 Rue de la Roquette.
Inmates on death row were sent to La Grande Roquette; the prison was pulled down in 1900.
The Quartier Saint-Amboise developed around the church dedicated to St-Ambroise, the Bishop of Milan in the 4th century.
The Quartier Sainte-Marguerite developed around a church founded in 1712 (the district’s oldest church).
Rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine officially delineates Paris 11th District and 12th District.
The history of these two districts have been, however, intertwined since the 13th century because they both developed around the influential but long gone Saint-Antoine Abbey.
The Faubourg-Saint-Antoine indeed spreads on both districts.
It is traditionally associated with wooden furniture industry and related crafts.
Centuries of tax exemptions and freedom of work granted by the kings and the abbey allowed cabinet-makers and prestigious craftsmen to produce the finest pieces of French furniture.
The main core of the settlement remained concentrated around the abbey and gave birth to the densely populated Faubourg Saint-Antoine.
The Faubourg is known for being the cradle of the various revolutions that destabilized the country throughout the centuries.
It was also known for the countless populous inns, cabarets and guinguettes established along Boulevards de Belleville and Ménilmontant, which attracted the crowds on Sundays.
Haussmann overlooked the development of the district during his urban work of the mid 19th century!
Paris 11th District has therefore retained its maze of narrow lanes, cul-de-sac, inner courts and workshops, all witnesses to its artistic and industrious past.
It also remained semi rural until 1860 when peripheral villages and hamlets were integrated into the capital.
Aristocrats and wealthy Parisians built country mansions or Folies such as the Folie-Méricourt outside the city boundaries.
This eastern section of Paris 11th District therefore remained quite bucolic until the late 18th century.
This is reflected in the names of its streets and places – Chemin-Vert, Rue de la Folie-Méricourt, Rue des Trois Bornes…
Metro stations serving Paris 11th District
Line 2: Belleville, Couronnes, Ménilmontant, Père-Lachaise, Philippe-Auguste, Avron
Line 3: République, Parmentier, St-Maur, Père-Lachaise
Line 5: République, Oberkampf, Richard lenoir, Bréguet-Sabin, Bastille
Line 8: République, Filles du Calvaire, Sébastien-Froissard, Chemin Vert, Bastille, Ledru-Rollin, Faidherbe-Chaligny
Line 9: République, Oberkampf, St-Ambroise, Voltaire, Charonne, Boulets-Montreuil, Nation
Line 11: République, Goncourt, Belleville