Paris - Ile De France Section
Opera Garnier - Opera National de Paris
Opera Garnier, declared of public utility
The Opera Garnier is also known as Palais Garnier to pay tribute to its architect Charles Garnier.
Its construction, declared of public utility with a decree of 1860, was a major event.
The square and the Avenue Napoléon (current Avenue de l'Opéra) were indeed especially created to showcase the building!
The first stone was laid on July 1, 1862.
Opera Garnier and the Phantom of the Opera
However, the discovery of an underground lake, the remnant of an ancient arm of the Seine, slowed the works. Garnier installed several pumps, but it still took 8 months to empty the lake.
Once the water drained, he built a massive brick and concrete waterproof tank to underpin the building and isolate it from further infiltration.
This incident inspired Gaston Leroux when he wrote The Phantom of the Opera.
His best-seller novel, published in 1909, gained international fame in 1986 when Andrew Lloyd Weber adapted it into a musical.
President Mac-Mahon eventually inaugurated the Opera Garnier on January 5, 1875.
Opera Garnier, a masterpiece of neo-Classical architecture
The Opera is considered the masterpiece of Garnier and a perfect illustration of Neoclassical architecture.
The lavish style of the Second Empire often combines balance and purity of form with an eclectic and heavy decoration.
Amazingly it works!
Indeed, the building’s monumental facade (172m long by 101m wide) boasts an exceptional architectural unity and balance.
Four allegorical groups adorn the street level arches.
François Jouffroy sculpted L'Harmonie or Poétrie (Harmony or Poetry); Jean-Baptiste Claude Eugène Guillaume sculpted La Musique Instrumentale (Instrumental Music); Jean-Joseph Perraud Le Drame Lyrique (Lyrical Drama) and Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux La Danse.
These arches support 7 loggias framed by Corinthian columns and topped by a wide frieze decorated with masks.
Charles Guméry sculpted Harmonie and Poétrie that top each facade end and Millet the golden statue of Apollo the Greek God of the Arts playing his lyre that crowns the dome roof.
Behind the scene of the Opera Garnier
The building sits on five basements.
A multitude of footbridges and platforms, used by the machinists to operate the decors, interconnect these basements.
The Opera Garnier was modernized in 1937 and 1952 and in recent years when gilding was cleaned and restored.
The Opera Garnier - National Academy of Dance and Music is the largest opera house in the world; it has a capacity of 2,200 seats and its stage is large enough to accommodate 450 artists.
It is today entirely devoted to ballet, while most operas are produced at the Opéra-Bastille.
Directions: 9th district - Place de l'Opéra
Metro: Opéra on Lines 3, 7, 8
Coordinates: Lat 48.871934 - Long 2.331767