Traditions - General Info

Pentecost - French Public Holiday

This page was updated on: Sunday, January 5, 2020 at: 10:30 am

Pentecost Monday is a public holiday in France

Pentecost is the final celebration of the seven-week Easter period and is a moveable festival.

It celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit of Jesus upon the Apostles on the seventh Sunday and fiftieth day after Easter.

Its name comes from the Greek word Pentekoste, which means fiftieth.

It is known as Pentecôte in French.

Pentecost Monday has been a French public holiday since 1801.

Most French public offices, many shops and businesses are therefore closed on that day.

Pentecost is also known as Whitsunday in English speaking countries.

This name comes from the white clothes the newly converted Christians wore for their baptism during the vigil.

Pentecost

Pentecost - Pentecôte - Whitsunday

On the fiftieth day after Easter, a noise similar to that of a violent wind descended from heaven, filled the room where Jesus’ apostles had gathered.

The hushing sound was followed by fire that split in several flames.

However, each flame came to rest on each of the apostles' heads.

The apostles suddenly felt that they were filled with the gift of the Holy Spirit that Jesus had promised during his Ascension to heaven.

They realized to their own astonishment that each of them was able to speak and being understood in a different language.

Each apostle therefore set off in a different direction in order to testify to the resurrection of Jesus.

They spread His word among the world and began to baptize new converts.

Soon the first Christians began to organize themselves into communities under their direction.

Pentecost is therefore a major celebration, as it marks the rise of Christianity.

Dates for Pentecost Sunday: 31 May 2020 - 23 May 2021

Dates for all the French public holidays

Wikimedia Commons: Church fresco
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