Paris 19th District
Paris 19th District is located on the Rive Droite and is commonly known as Quartier des Buttes Chaumont.
Quartier du Pont de Flandre, Quartier d’Amérique, Quartier du Combat and Quartier de la Villette.
The Quartier d’Amérique was named after the Carrières d’Amérique.
These quarries produced the gypsum and stones used for the construction of the Parisian buildings.
The Quartier du Combat includes the Place du Colonel Fabien.
This square replaces the Barrière du Combat du Taureau – Bull Fight Gate.
This fiscal gate was part of the Wall of the General Farmers and stood next to a wasteland where animal fights were organized.
The Rotonde de la Villette housed the controllers’ and receivers’ headquarters.
It also housed the guards and riders in charge of the surveillance of the walkway and warehouses, where the goods were stored.
Both the lift bridge and its footbridge were listed Historical Monuments in 1993.
The village of La Villette developed some 20 centuries ago near the current Rue de Nantes.
During the 12th century, La Ville-Neuve-St-Ladre was the property of the St-Lazare Leprosy.
The villagers worked mainly in the vineyards planted by the monks on the surrounding slopes.
Soon open-air cafes, cabarets and country houses were built as the village became well known for the quality of its air.
However, it remained a working-class area because the well-off Parisians were reluctant to settle down in the neighborhood of the leprosy.
La Villette thrived after the construction of the fiscal Mur des Fermiers Généraux.
Three toll gates were indeed built in the village!
The Bassin de la Villette, a gigantic goods station equipped with a basin and haulage depot, was built in order to serve Paris and the north of France.
It included the slaughterhouse and created countless jobs.
Local population therefore increase five-fold within the 10 years that followed the French Revolution.
The populous Paris 19th District has traditionally been associated with the turmoil of the French revolutions.
A constant flow of unqualified workers and foreign immigrants, illegal conditions of work and an uncontrolled urbanization indeed fomented a terrain propitious to the 19th century revolutions.
La Villette village and part of Belleville merged in 1860 in order to form Paris 19th district.
The other section of Belleville formed the 20th district.
More factories were built in La Villette after this integration.
The village therefore remained industrial and downmarket.
Belleville, on the other hand, remained quite rural despite the creation of the nearby elegant Parc des Buttes Chaumont.
Paris 19th District remained highly industrialized and working class until the vast program of rehabilitation works of the slaughterhouse that started in 1979 and ended up with the creation of the Parc de la Villette.
The present day district is therefore mostly defined by the Buttes Chaumont and the Parc de la Villette.
Transformation is still ongoing, though.
Obsolete buildings are pulled down and slowly transform this once disliked area into a sought after district.
Metro stations serving Paris 19th District
Line 5: Porte de Pantin, Ourcq, Laumlière, Jaurès, Stalingrad
Line 7: Porte de la Villette, Corentin Cariou, Crimée, Riquet, Stalingrad
Line 7Bis: Jaurès, Bolivar, Buttes Chaumont, Botzaris, Danube, Pré St-Gervais, Place des Fêtes
Line 11: Porte des Lilas, Télégraphe, Place des Fêtes, Jourdain, Pyrénées, Belleville