Occitanie Section

Peyrusse-le-Roc medieval village - Aveyron

[wce_code id=1]

Peyrusse-le-Roc, a medieval village frozen in time

Peyrusse-le-Roc is a small medieval village nestled in the heart of the Aveyron, off the main roads.

It started as a thriving Gallo-Roman city that spread over 10 hectares; Petrucia was indeed the seat of local silver-lead mines.

Seven pits ensured the city's fortune and reputation until the Middle Ages.

In the 8th century, the King of France Pepin the Short seized Peyrusse from the Duke of Aquitaine Waïfre.

The village later became part of the County of Toulouse; by the 13th century it was the largest bailiwick of Rouergue and extended its jurisdiction over a 100 parishes.

The city's several annual fairs and two weekly markets therefore attracted people from all around the region.

By the 14th century, Peyrusse-le-Roc boasted 700 houses and about 3500 inhabitants including 40 noble families, six notaries and a money changer.

It also accommodated an armed garrison of 187 men and 4 knights.

The fortified village traversed the conflicts of the Hundred Years War, but the dismantling of the ramparts after the 16th century Wars of Religion had a devastating impact.

The final straw was the exhaustion of the silver and lead mines, which deprived the villagers of work.

Many moved to the nearby bastide of Villeneuve d'Aveyron, situated along the region's main communication axis.

As a result, Peyrusse-le-Roc lost its status of Royal Bailiwick in 1719 and fell into oblivion and ruins.

It turned into a ghost-town and served as stone quarry during the following two centuries!

Rehabilitation of Peyrusse-le-Roc

Fortunately several local officials grouped together in 1956 to save what was left of the village's historical and architectural heritage.

Indeed, Peyrusse-le-Roc boasts of wealth of medieval vestiges, such as the ramparts and the Barbican.

There are also those of the 13th century Church of Our Lady of Laval, the belfry and the four-storey hospital built during the Hundred Years War to serve 'the sick, the poor, and the pilgrims.'

Two impressive towers, vestiges of the castle, are perched on an abrupt promontory - Roc del Thaluc - that commands the River Audierne.

Thousands of visitors embark each year in the challenging climb, as the site boasts prime views of the medieval village frozen in time and nestled down in the lush vegetation of the Audierne Valley.

Department of Aveyron department
Coordinates: Lat 44.494947 - Long 2.140746

Credits: Photos atelier434 ©Melanged Magic - Evelyn Jackson - Photos Wikimedia Commons: Barbican - Belfry
Chateau de Montal - Renaissance facades and seen from the formal garden

April 30 2019

Chateau de Montal, a Renaissance masterpiece in Quercy

Chateau de Montal, a Renaissance masterpiece built by a woman and returned to its past grandeur by the industrialist and patron of the arts Maurice Fenaille
Dolmen de Martignes in Beduer - Lot

April 26 2019

Dolmen de Martignes and Cloup de Coutze

Dolmen de Martignes and Dolmen du Cloup of Coutze, the most famous of the 12 dolmens listed in Beduer, a village of Quercy along St. James Way
Gouffre de Saint-Sauveur- Emeral waters of the resurgence of the river Ouysse

April 23 2019

Gouffre de Saint-Sauveur – Ouysse River’s resurgence

The Gouffre de Saint-Sauveur is a basin of emerald water nestled in the lush greenery where the river Ouysse resurfaces near the village of Calès in the Lot
Chateau des Anglais, also known as Chateau Fort de La Roque d'Autoire

April 19 2019

Chateau des Anglais or Chateau Fort de La Roque d’Autoire

Chateau des Anglais - Chateau Fort de La Roque d’Autoire, the troglodyte fort the lords of Turenne built at the border of the Auvergne and Toulouse counties
Translate »
Scroll to Top