Paris 9th District
Paris 9th District is located on the Rive Droite and is commonly known as Quartier de l’Opéra.
Quartier Saint-Georges, Quartier Rochechouart, Quartier du Faubourg Montmartre and Quartier de la Chaussée d’Antin.
Paris 9th District is a bustling and densely populated area delineated to the south by the Grands Boulevards.
These boast the highest concentration of theatres, cafes-concerts, music halls, department stores and banks.
The boulevards de Rochechouart and Clichy replace the 18th century fiscal Mur des Fermiers Généraux and form the district’s northern boundary.
They are devoted to the nightlife on Place de Clichy, Place Blanche (Moulin Rouge) and Place Pigalle.
The Boulevard and Quartier de Rochechouart was named after Marguerite de Rochechouart de Montpipeau, the last abbess of the influential Montmartre Abbey.
The district remained rural land until the 18th century.
The only communities were the hamlets of Grange-Batelière (in the south south) and Porcherons (north).
The opening of the Grands Boulevards in the 1670s triggered the development of the district.
It also boosted an affluent property market that lasted for the next two centuries.
New districts appeared in Quartier de la Chaussée-d’Antin and by Rue de de la Grange-Batelière.
The construction of prestigious mansions pushed craftsmen and innkeepers to move towards Clichy and Pigalle.
They settled in the Quartier des Porcherons.
This district is delineated by Trinité Church, Place de Clichy and Place Pigalle.
Open-air cafes, balls and inns opened in the late 18th century in the vicinity of the gates of the Mur des Fermiers Généraux.
They soon attracted the crowds in search of entertainment, a reputation this section of the district has retained to this day.
The area around the Place Saint-Georges was developed in the 1820s.
Haussmann‘s urban works of the 1860s redefined the layout of Paris 9th District.
The mansions built in the 18th century mansions were replaced with buildings.
The upper-class invested in the countless department stores, banks, insurance companies, media and printing industry, theatres, music halls, cabarets, restaurants, sport halls and clubs.
These establishments, concentrated along the Grands Boulevards, triggered a vivid social and artistic life.
Private galleries, passages and cités (private residences) were also built in order to provide quiet and protected residence for the local population.
Present Paris 9th District has remained the district of finance, entertainment and shopping.
Metro stations serving Paris 9th District
Line 2: Place de Clichy, Blanche, Pigalle, Anvers, Barbès-Rochechouart
Line 3: Havre-Caumartin, Auber, Opéra
Line 7: Poisonnière, Cadet, Le Peletier, Chaussé d’Antin- La Fayette, Opéra
Line 8: Madeleine, Opéra, Richelieu-Drouot, Rue Montmartre
Line 9: Havre-Caumartin, Chaussée d’Antin – La Fayette, Richelieu-Drouot, Rue Montmartre
Line 12: Saint-Lazare, Trinité, Notre-Dame-de-Lorette, Saint-Georges, Pigalle
RER A: Auber