Paris – Ile De France

National Academy of Medicine – Rue Bonaparte – Paris

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National Academy of Medicine since 1820


National Academy of Medicine was founded in 1820 by Louis XVIII.

However, it was originally known as Royal Academy of Medicine.

The National Academy of Medicine was originally domiciled in the Faculty of Medicine of Paris.

It was transferred in a mansion located Rue de Poitiers, then in a church in the nearby Rue des Saints-Pères.

It has been in its current location since 1902, next to the prestigious Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris.

The architect Justin Rochet drew the plans of the mansion to house the National Academy of Medicine.

It is a superb example of Art Nouveau architecture, however, boasts an impressive Classical style facade.

National Academy of Medicine – mission

The National Academy of Medicine is not part of the Institut de France.

It was indeed formed from the Royal Academy of Surgery (founded in 1731) and the Royal Society of Medicine (1736).

The Academy brought together not only the surgeons and physicians, but also the veterinarians, biologists and state men in charge of health.

It was in the National Academy of Medicine that Louis Pasteur convinced surgeons of the imperative necessity of sterilizing tools before any operation to prevent microbial infections.

This was also there that Alfred Velpeau demonstrated the merits of anaesthesia by ether.

The National Academy of Medicine has a primarily advisory role.

It also ensures the development and dissemination of medical sciences.

The decisions related to the regulation of the quality and efficiency of the health system are implemented by the National Council of the College of Physicians along with the Haute Autorité de Santé or HAS and various agencies under the supervision of the Health Ministry.

The National Academy of Medicine was endowed with a remarkable library boasting some 30,000 books and documents.

These are related to the history of medicine.

Many date back to the Ancien Regime (monarchy era prior to the French Revolution).

The National Academy of Medicine is open to the public the Saturday on European Heritage Days – Journées du Patrimoine.

An academician will take you on a guided tour of this prestigious institution.

You’ll therefore discover the library, the Salle Bader with the busts of the academy’s former presidents and the stunning Salle des Séances (meeting room).

Directions: 6th district – no16 rue Bonaparte
Metro: Saint-Germain-des-Prés on Line 4 and Mabillon on Line 10
Bus: #39 et #95
Coordinates: Lat 48.856278 – Long 2.334372

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