ArabicChinese (Simplified)DutchEnglishFrenchGermanGreekHindiItalianJapanesePortugueseRussianSpanish

Traditions - General Info

Bastille Day after the French Revolution

This page was updated on: Monday, December 11, 2017 at: 2:14 pm

Bastille Fortress

Bastille Day is a French National day.

It was institutionalized after the storming of the Bastille Fortress on July 14, 1789.

The first stone of the Bastille Fortress was laid in 1370, in the extension of the already existing city walls.

Eight 24m high round towers flanked the fortress and and 25m wide moats protected it.

It ceased to be a military fortress in the late 16th century and was converted into a state prison.

Seven prisoners were still imprisoned in the Bastille on July 14, 1789 when 633 revolutionaries seized it.

Ironically, most of these men were of German origin and worked as cabinetmakers in the nearby St-Antoine district.

Demolition began the following day and was completed in 1792.

Most stones were used to erect the Pont de la Concorde.

The remaining stones were used for the creation of 83 models of the fortress.

A model was sent to each French department in order to commemorate the end of the monarchy.

Dark cobblestones today mark the layout of the fortress on Place de la Bastille.

What is Bastille Day?

Bastille Day - Quatorze Juillet (14th July) - Fête Nationale or colloquially Fet. Nat. is not a commemoration of the storming of the fortress.

It is the commemoration of the Fête de la Fédération, which took place a year later on July 14, 1790.

The storming of the Bastille was indeed deemed too tragic and therefore couldn't carry the symbol of freedom, equality and fraternity.

The Festival of the Federation took place on the Champ de Mars.

It commemorated the first anniversary of the storming, and even the unfortunate King Louis XVI attended it!

How do French celebrate?

Bastille Day is one of the most observed public holidays of the year and brings together all social classes.

This is indeed an opportunity for a spectacular military parade on the Avenue des Champs-Elysées.

It is recommended to arrive very early in order to secure a front row place.

French and foreign guest troops march down from the Arc de Triomphe to the Place de la Concorde and the Patrouille de France flies over.

Troops then split in front of the huge canopy, where the president of the Republic and his guests of honour stand.

The parade is followed by a garden party in the gardens of the Elysée Palace.

A spectacular fireworks display is organized in the evening on the Champ de Mars near the Eiffel Tower and is followed by street celebrations.

Bastille Day ball - Bal du Quatorze Juillet is indeed a veritable institution.

People dance in the street and have fun until dawn, and this since 1880!

Bastille Day is also an opportunity for the President of the Republic to grant remissions.

If you decide to visit Paris on July 14th, you will find many shops open.

However, it will be very different if you travel to the province as everyone is busy celebrating.

It’s best to follow the flow and enjoy the day.

Photos via Wikimedia Commons: Bastille Fortress in 1420  Feodor Josef Hubert Hoffbauer (1839-1922) is in Public domainBastille during demolition  by Anon is in Public domain - 1st Infantry Republican Guard by Marie-Lan Nguyen  is licensed under CC BY 2.5
How to get to Paris from Charles de Gaulle Airport

How to get to Paris from Charles de Gaulle Airport

Discover how to get to Paris from Charles de Gaulle Airport using one of the three main means of transport, taxi, fast train RER and bus
Buses from Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris - Roissybus

Buses from Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris

Direct buses from Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris are a fast and economical means of transport while standard public buses are the cheapest but slowest
Express train RER from Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris

Express train RER from Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris

Express train RER, a fast, reliable, easy to use and good value for money means of transport from Charles de Gaulle Airport to the centre of Paris
How to get a taxi to Paris from Charles de gaulle Airport

How to get a taxi to Paris from Charles de Gaulle Airport

Basic tips and general information on the various taxis options on offer to get from Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport to the centre of Paris

Sign up to our newsletter

Travel France Online will use the information you provide on this form to keep in touch with you and to provide updates via our newsletter. By selecting the boxes on the form you confirm your acceptance to receive our newsletter.

You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of any email you receive from us, or by contacting us at admin@travelfranceonline.com

We will treat your information with respect. For more information please visit our privacy policy page