Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Section
Avignon - Papal City - Vaucluse department
Avignon - Cité des Papes
Avignon is known as the "Cité des Papes" because the popes took residence in the city from 1309 to 1423!
The history of the city, however, goes far back!
The Phoenicians (Greeks), Romans and Barbarians occupied it and the Celts made the stronghold their capital.
These diverse civilisations and cultures merged and produced the city's unique cultural identity and richness.
The streets, churches, squares, ramparts and the 12th century University of Avignon indeed attract thousands of visitors each year.
The gardens located by the church boast prime views of the medieval fortress Fort Saint André, Villeneuve-lez-Avignon, river Rhône, Mont Ventoux, Lubéron Mountains and of course of the famous Pont Saint-Bénézet!
The bridge, commonly known as Pont d'Avignon, was built in the 12th century.
One of the city's prestigious landmarks, it became worldwide known because of a popular French nursery song - ‘Sur le Pont d’Avignon’.
Only 4 out the original 22 arches that were built to reach the Fort Saint André though are still standing.
Avignon is also a shopping destination, in particular the city center and its Christmas Market.
Finally, the city is an artistic and cultural showcase window for Southern France with its theater festival*, one of the oldest in Europe.
Department of Vaucluse
Coordinates:Lat 43.949317 - Long 4.805528