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Paris - Ile De France

Tuileries Garden - Jardin des Tuileries

This page was updated on: Thursday, January 11, 2018 at: 6:29 pm

Tuileries, a palace built on the site of a tile factory

The Tuileries gardens were landscaped on the site of the Tuileries Palace.

In 1564, Queen Catherine de Medici commissioned Philibert de l'Orme with the construction of the Tuileries Palace, and the Waterfront Gallery, Marsan Pavilion and Flore Pavilion in the Louvre Palace.

The building was erected on the site of a slate factory (tuilerie), hence its name!

However, works were suspended at the death of the architect, but Henry IV resumed them in 1594.

He also commissioned Androuet du Cerceau with the decoration of the palace.

Works were once more interrupted after the assassination of the king in 1610.

They resumed some 50 years later, when Louis XIV commissioned the architects Le Vau and Orbay with the construction of the Pavillon de Marsan.

But at least, the king achieved what Catherine de Medicis had initially planned, link the Tuileries and Louvre palaces!

The Tuileries Palace remained vacant until the French Revolution, when it became the seat of the temporary revolutionary government.

Napoleon I then made it his official residence.

Unfortunately, the Tuileries Palace and the Pavillon de Marsan burned during the Commune de Paris of 1871.

The Marsan Pavilion was rebuilt, but the ruined palace was pulled down in 1882.

All that is left of the old Tuileries Palace is an arcade, which miraculously escaped destruction!

It was restored and eventually rebuilt in the Parc Monceau where you can admire it today.

Lenôtre's Tuileries Garden

The landscape architect Bernard Palissy designed superb gardens for Catherine de Medici' palace.

The original gardens consisted of a maze and vast reservations planted with flowerbeds and delineated by six main lanes crossed at right angle by eight paths.

In 1664, Louis XIV commissioned the landscape gardener André Le Nôtre with the transformation of the gardens.

Le Nôtre aligned the central lane with the axis of the Champs-Elysées and created the round and octagonal ponds.

He embellished the gardens with flowerbeds, statues, basins, fountains, walkways, paths and patios.

The Tuileries Garden was open to the public, however, a wall delineated it from the palace.

It became one of the trendiest sites of Paris until 1682, when Louis XIV moved to Versailles.

The revolutionaries converted it in a large kitchen garden during the French Revolution, as they replaced exotic plants with potatoes and beans crops.

The Tuileries garden was then left to fall into fallow, until the early 19th century when Napoleon I moved into the palace!

Tuilerie Garden, Paris largest public garden

The Tuileries Garden is the second largest public park in Paris after the Parc de Bercy.

It stretches from the Louvre Palace to Place de la Concorde.

A network of trails and paths crisscross the 28-hectare garden.

Sculptures by Maillol, Guillaume Coustou, Coysevox and Van Cleve adorn the lawns and paths.

The central lane boasts prime views of the Louvre, Champs-Elysées, Arc de Triomphe and Grande Arche de la Défense.

Chairs, free for all to use, are permanently available by the octagonal and round ponds.

You'll also find open-air restaurants and cafes in the wooded areas.

Children will enjoy the Ferris wheel that is located alongside Rue de Rivoli during the holiday season.

Impossible to miss it, as it can be seen from all corners of the park!

Two terraces frame the western entrance of the Tuileries Garden on Place de la Concorde.

The Musée de l'Orangerie, on the south terrace, offers permanent exhibitions of Impressionist and contemporary artists.

The Musée du Jeu de Paume, at no.1 Place de la Concorde, is dedicated to Modern Art.

Directions: 1st District
Metro: Tuileries, Concorde and Palais-Royal-Musée du Louvre on Line 1
Coordinates: Lat 48.862335 - Long 2.331081

Photo via Wikimedia Commons: Palace after the Commune is in Public Domain
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