ArabicChinese (Simplified)DutchEnglishFrenchGermanGreekHindiItalianJapanesePortugueseRussianSpanish

Paris - Ile De France

Place Denfert Rochereau - Lion de Belfort

This page was updated on: Tuesday, December 19, 2017 at: 1:16 pm

Place Denfert Rochereau

Place Denfert Rochereau, with Le Lion de Belfort statue in its centre, is a major Paris landmark.

It's also one of the major crossroads of the left bank.

It's indeed the merging point of Boulevards Raspail, Arago, and Saint-Jacques with Avenues René Coty, Général Leclerc and Denfert-Rochereau and Rues Froidevaux, Victor-Considérant and de Grancey.

The public gardens Square Jacques Antoine and Square Claude Nicolas Ledoux delineate it to the west, and the Square Abbé Migne to the south.

The original Place Denfert-Rochereau was open in 1760 and extended outside the  Mur des Fermiers Généraux in 1789.

It was once more extended over the tollgate Barrière d’Enfer (Hell's Gate) when the fiscal wall was pulled down, but the tollhouses were kept.

These two buildings are now listed Historical Monuments.

They are adorned with friezes and low reliefs depicting the French cities accessible via the road starting at the former tollgate.

The eastern building once housed the offices and living quarters of the customs staff.

The western building, at no2 Place Denfert Rochereau, now serves as the main entrance to the Catacombes, the underground necropolis created in the former quarries of Paris.

The former building of the Embarcadère Paris-Enfer, the terminus of the railway line Chemin de fer de Sceaux, is located on the southeast side of the square.

The line, inaugurated on June 23, 1846, was extended to Orsay in 1867 and Limous in 1869 and remained active until 1895.

The superb building today serves as the main entrance to the Metro and RER Denfert-Rochereau stations.

Lion de Belfort
Embarcadere d'Enfer - RER and Metro stations entrance

Colonel Pierre-Philippe de Denfert-Rochereau

The Place d’Enfer (Hell's Place) was renamed Place Denfert-Rochereau in 1879.

It pays tribute to Colonel Pierre Philippe Marie Aristide Denfert-Rochereau (1823-1878) who was Governor of Belfort when Napoleon III declared war to Prussia.

The Territoire de Belfort or Porte d’Alsace, is a strategic natural depression as it links France to Germany.

It is also a department created in 1871 by the Treaty of Frankfurt, and is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Region.

Denfert-Rochereau defended the Territoire de Belfort with so much pugnacity during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 that the enclave remained French after the Prussian victory.

Lion de Belfort on Place Denfert Rochereau

Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty in N.Y.) sculpted the Lion de Belfort in 1880.

This allegorical statue represents Colonel Denfert-Rochereau who is said to “have fought like a lion” to defend Belfort during the 103-day attack led by the Prussian army between December 1870 and February 1871.

The lion symbolizes his bravour and strength.

The statue is a small bronze replica of the statue erected in the city of Belfort.

Directions: 14th district - Place Denfert Rochereau
Metro: Denfert-Rochereau Lines 4/6 and RER B
Coordinates: Lat 48.834194 - Long 2.332436

Photo via Wikimedia Commons: Colonel Denfert-Rochereau by Inconnu is in the public domain
Paris covered passages

Covered passages, gateways to the Paris of yesteryear

Discover Paris covered passages, pedestrian shopping arcades nestled under elegant glass roofs and charming witnesses of 19th century architecture
Passage Puteaux in Paris

Passage Puteaux, Paris shortest covered passage

Passage Puteaux, Paris' shortest covered passage and former shopping arcade, is today a short-cut between 2 streets in the Madeleine District
Passage des Deux Pavillons in Paris

Passage des Deux Pavillons, a short cut to Palais-Royal

Passage des Deux Pavillons, a tiny passage named after the pavilions that frame it, serves as short-cut between the Palais-Royal and Rue Vivienne
Passage des Princes - Cupola and entrance on Boulevard des Italiens

Passage des Princes, the haunt of video games and models

Passage des Princes, the last covered shopping arcade built in the 19th century, was fully renovated and is today the haunt of video games and models stores

Sign up to our newsletter

Travel France Online will use the information you provide on this form to keep in touch with you and to provide updates via our newsletter. By selecting the boxes on the form you confirm your acceptance to receive our newsletter.

You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of any email you receive from us, or by contacting us at admin@travelfranceonline.com

We will treat your information with respect. For more information please visit our privacy policy page