Paris 7th District
Paris 7th District is located on the Rive Gauche and is commonly known as Quartier du Palais-Bourbon.
It is the most visited district of Paris, as it indeed boasts some of the major tourist landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower, Hôtel des Invalides, Ecole Militaire, Orsay Museum and Legion d’Honneur Museum-Hotel de Salm.
Quartier du Gros-Caillou, Quartier des Invalides, Quartier St-Thomas d’Aquin and Quartier de l’Ecole Militaire.
It’s also the centre of French power where the Assemblée Nationale (Palais Bourbon), French ministries and foreign embassies were established in the aristocratic mansions of the affluent and elegant Faubourg-Saint-Germain.
Paris 7th District was developed in the vast sandy Grenelle Plain that once stretched to the west of St-Germain-des-Prés Abbey.
Known for centuries as Garanella – small warren – is was mainly rural.
It indeed remained deserted for centuries exception made of a mansion and farm belonging to Ste-Geneviève Abbey.
They were both pulled down for the construction of the Invalides and Ecole Militaire.
The remaining land remained the property of St-Germain-des-Prés Abbey.
The Faubourg-St-Germain is the western part of the village of St-Germain village.
It developed outside Philippe-Auguste’s perimeter wall and started to be developed during the 17th century with aristocratic mansions and religious establishments.
This urbanization of quality was amplified during the 18th century because the Faubourg was along the road that led to the Château de Versailles.
The Faubourg-St-Germain overtook the popularity of the historic Marais.
These two districts share the highest concentration of hôtels particuliers (princely mansions) and historical monuments.
However, too few are protected or listed!
The Church of Saint-Thomas d’Aquin was rebuilt during the 17th and has become the parish church of the affluent Faubourg St-Germain.
The Bourg du Gros Caillou was developed in the second part of the 17th century.
It was home to the workers employed in the construction of the Hôtel Royal des Invalides.
The village expanded in the 18th century as new labourers were employed for the construction of the Palais-Bourbon and Ecole Militaire
Paris 7th District mostly escaped the devastation of the French Revolution.
However, it suffered from the excessive urban development of Haussmann in the mid 19th century as the opening of the Boulevard St-Germain resulted in the destruction of many mansions.
Metro stations serving Paris 7th District
Line 8: Ecole Militaire, Latour-Maubourg, Invalides
Line 10: Ségur, Duroc, Vaneau, Sèvres-Babylone
Line 12: Sèvres-Babylone, Rue du Bac, Solférino, Assemblée Nationale
Line 13: Duroc, St-François-Xavier, Varenne, Assemblée Nationale
RER C: Champ de Mars-Tour Eiffel, Pont de l’Alma, Invalides, Musée d’Orsay